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The Damming of Big River


First sawmill from Robert J. Lee Collection (Ukiah)

The first sawmill in Mendocino county, which appears as the large barn-like building in the photograph pictured above, was built on the Mendocino Headlands above Mendocino Bay where the mouth of Big River meets the sea. 

Reaching from the river’s mouth to 800 foot elevation inland ridges, the Big River wetland property includes a wide range of habitats. State lands surround it on three sides. On the north it adjoins Jackson Demonstration State Forest and Mendocino Woodlands State Park. Big River is protected and is the only major undeveloped navigable estuary remaining in Northern California. Unlike the undeveloped portions of other rivers, Big River is accessible. Big River is a place of gentle tidal flows, mist-laden redwoods, and tucked-away marshes. It is home to an amazing array of wildlife, and it has a history as a resource and a respite for humans as well.

Big River today is the longest undeveloped estuary in northern California. It has 1,500 acres of wetlands, including brackish, freshwater, saltwater, and fresh emergent marshes, with 60,000 acres of connected wildlife habitat between this and adjacent public land, and over 100 miles of joined trails. There is the 60 acre Laguna Marsh, and unusual inland and extensive fresh emergent wetland representing one of the most productive habitats on earth.

50 miles of Big River and its tributaries are home to Dungeness and shore crab, freshwater mussels, ghost shrimp, river otter, beaver, harbor seals, and over 22 fish species, and 27 sensitive plant species, identified on Big River property quadrangles, and which are likely to be positively identified in future surveys. There is a high diversity of plant communities, and at least 32 mammals and over 130 bird species recorded to date.

The history of Big River is the site of the earliest logging camps and dams in Mendocino county. Before the first dams were built in seasons when there was sufficient water, harvested logs could be floated down stream to enclosures at the mouth of Big River, called booms. Sometimes logs broke loose from the enclosure and floated out to sea. Eventually dams were constructed to artificially raise water levels in drier season. It has been stated that there were more logging dams on Big River than on any other stream on the Redwood Coast. All evidence to date confirms the existence of 27 permanent type dams. Twenty-two can be verified from remaining physical evidence. The first dam on Big River was 11 miles from the saw mill, and the furthest dam was 48 miles.

Basically there were three types of dams. The splash dam, sometimes called an upright dam, was the smallest. It was constructed to with a minimal amount of material and was used to provide water for the logs that have been placed in the stream down river from the dam. The crib dam and the frame dam or a combination of both was larger, more permanent structures. One of these dams used over a million board feet in its construction. A dam that left no remains was called a cutaway and was used only once. All of these dams had but one purpose-to get logs down the river.


Here is a list and name of the dams on Big River.

1. Little Northfork (1860)
2. Chamberlain Creek (1860/1870)

3. James Creek (1860/1870)
4. Milliken (1860/1870)
5. Lower East Branch (1860/1870)
6. Lower Two Log Creek (1860/1870)
7. Upper Two Log Creek (1870/1880)
8. Upper East Branch (1870/1880)
9. 36-Mile (1880s)

10. Martin Creek (1883)
11. Dougherty Creek (1885)
12. Lower Gates Creek (1886)
13. Handley Halfway (1887)
14. Upper Ramon Creek (1888/1890)
15. Northfolk of Ramon Creek (1888/1890)
16. Upper Gates Creek (1892)
17. Soda Creek (1892)
18. Horsethief Creek (1893)

19. Johnston Creek (1900)
20. Russell Brook (1907)
21. Lower Ramon Creek (1909)
22. Hellsgate (1913)

23. Johnston (1914)
24. Mettick Creek (1915)
25. Anderson Gulch (1917)
26. Valentine Creek (1919)
27. Big Northfolk (1924)

The dams, which were major threats to aquatic wildlife, are gone. The last log drive and operation of the dams was in 1937; the result was a log jam (Jackson 104). Some dams fell into ruin over time, although there is lingering evidence of their presence. The California Department of Fish and Game called for the destruction of others in order to allow for the migration of fish.

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The Coastal Redwood Trees


File:Sequoia sempervirens Distribution.png

The highlighted green on the map shows where the Redwood Forest is located.

Most people do not realize that the coastal redwood trees lives on a very narrow strip of land that is approximately less than 500 miles long, with the most southerly grove is in Monterey county, California and with the most northerly groves are in extreme southwestern Oregon, with the width of land is anywhere from five miles up to about forty-five miles. The elevation range is mostly from 100 feet above sea level to as high as 2,500 feet and a few have been found at the 3,000 foot elevation. The tallest and oldest trees are found in deep valleys and gullies, where year round streams can flow, and fog drip is regular.

Redwoods are so immense that they live in three climatic zones at once. The base of the redwood tree is in one set of climatic conditions, with the stem in another, and the crown of the redwood tree in yet another. On the forest floor, it is a semi-shaded moist environment. But if your were on the top canopy of the redwood tree you may find it dry and possibly windy. On the forest floor of the redwood tree, you will see two types of needles. The needles on most of the tree branches are broad and flat so that they can catch the available sunlight. But the needles near the top of the redwood tree however, have tight scale like spikes which reduce evaporative surfaces for the drier conditions found there. 

The redwood tree needs great amounts of moisture. With an average of 65 inches a year and the most important summer fog which is caught by the tree leaves and drips down of the forest floor. The redwood trees help create their own micro-climate through the transportation of moisture from the leaves to the atmosphere. A very large redwood tree can release up to an amazing five hundred gallons of water a day into the air. The thick, tannin-rich bark, combined with foliage starting high above the ground provides good protection from both fire and insect damage, contributing to the coast redwoods longevity, so this species has many fire resistant characteristics. In addition, fires appear to actually benefit the redwood tree by causing substantial mortality in competing species while having minor effects on the redwood tree. One recent study, compares post wildfire survival and regeneration of redwood and associated species, concluded fires of all severity increase the abundance of redwood trees and higher severity fires provide the best benefit.

Photo from the Mendocino Coast Model Railroad & Historical Society

Back in the 1850′s, the coastal redwoods occupied 1.92 million acres. Today is only about 2% of that or about 80,000 acres. Redwood trees are remarkably fire-tolerant and long-lived with five hundred years is an average life span, but some are more than two thousand years old. The heart of the redwood, also known as heartwood has grown-in resistance to decay and insects that is present throughout the lumber, not just on the surface. The wood exposed through sawing, boring or nailing is as decay-resistant as the surface. In old growth redwoods the first limbs are sometimes more than one hundred feet up, so there are no knots, even in long boards. The grain is so straight you can lay a ruler on it. 

The coastal redwood tree produces both sexually by seed and asexually by sprouting of buds, layering or lignotubers. Seed production begins at ten to fifteen years of age. The winged seeds are small and light and the wings are not effective for wide dispersal, and are dispersed by wind on an average two to four hundred feet from the original tree. The growth of seedlings is very fast, with young trees known to reach about sixty-five feet tall in about twenty years.

Coast redwoods can also reproduce asexually by sprouting from the root crown, stump or even fallen branches if a tree falls over, and generate a row of new trees along the trunk. Sprouts originate from dormant or adventitious buds at or under the surface of the bark. The dormant sprouts are stimulated when the main adult stem gets damaged or starts to die. Many sprouts spontaneously erupt and develop around the circumference of the tree trunk. Within a short period after sprouting, each sprout will develop its own root system, with the dominant sprouts forming a ring of trees around the root crown or stump. This ring of trees is called a “fairy ring”. Sprouts can achieve heights of eight feet in a single growing season. Redwoods may also reproduce using burls. A burl is a woody lignotuber that commonly appears on a redwood tree below the soil line. Burls are capable of sprouting into new trees when detached from the parent tree, though exactly how this happens is yet to be studied. 

Redwood round in front of the Guest House Museum, Fort Bragg, California

So with your visit here on the beautiful Mendocino coast, stop by the Guest House Museum on Main Street, Fort Bragg, California and check out this redwood round on exhibit on the front lawn of the museum. This redwood tree started as a seedling at about 190 A.D.  By the time the Roman Empire ended the redwood tree was about 205 years old. It was already over 1,300 years old when Columbus landed in America, and it was over 1,750 years old when it was harvested and sent to the Union Lumber Company in Fort Bragg, California.

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Mendocino’s Community Supported Agriculture (CSA)


What is a Community Supported Agriculture:

Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) is a unique relationship of mutual support and commitment between local farmers and community members. At the beginning of the farming season, farm members or shareholders provide upfront money needed to operate the farm by buying a “share” of the farm’s harvest. The farmers agree to do their best to provide a sufficient quantity and quality of food to meet the needs and expectations of the shareholders. In making a commitment, CSA shareholders assume with the farmer the risks and rewards inherent in food production. The farmers distribute directly to shareholders the seasonal food – fresh produce, eggs, meat, grain – however the CSA farm is arranged. There is room for variation in this collective effort, depending on the resources and goals of the farmers and shareholders.

CSA is an economically viable way for small-scale farmers to produce high-quality food in an ecologically sustainable way. Sustaining a farm business is challenging with the whims of Nature and upfront costs. By participating in CSA, shareholders receive nutritious local food and experience a responsible relationship with farmers, the food, and the land.

United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Definition

In basic terms, CSA consists of a community of individuals who pledge support to a farm operation so that the farmland becomes, either legally or spiritually, the community’s farm, with the growers and consumers providing mutual support and sharing the risks and benefits of food production. Members or shareholders of the farm or garden pledge in advance to cover the anticipated costs of the farm operation and farmer’s salary. In return, they receive shares in the farm’s bounty throughout the growing season, as well as satisfaction gained from reconnecting to the land. Members also share in risks, including poor harvest due to unfavorable weather or pests.

How does it work?

Traditionally, farm members or shareholders purchase a CSA share in advance to cover the initial annual farm costs and commit to the farm for the full season. When the harvest season begins, shareholders pick up a weekly share of food, which may include vegetables, fruit, eggs, meat, grain, etc. Shareholders may receive a weekly newsletter with recipe ideas and farm news, connecting them to the farm and learning about local food production.

Some CSA farms offer opportunities for shareholders to visit the farm and participate in events. The typical vegetable CSA farm season runs from as early as May through as late as November. Many CSA farms offer a variety of share options, including extended season shares and extra add-on shares. Some CSAs accommodate households with limited resources with special funds, payment plans, and/or payment with food stamps. Typically, CSA farms employ agro-ecological production methods, ensuring their members clean, healthy food that has low impact on the environment.

CSA Farm Website CSA Offerings Where to Pick Up
Anderson Valley Community Farm
The Corn Crib
Ukiah heirloom corn Ukiah
Covelo Organic
Covelo vegetables
Fort Bragg
Floodgate Farm
Redwood Valley vegetables Redwood Valley
Happy Day Farms
Laytonville vegetables Laytonville
Linda’s Kitchen Herbal Apothecary
email or call 707-621-2010. 
herbal products Ukiah
Live Power Community Farm
Covelo vegetables
*accepts SNAP/CalFreshbenefits 
San Francisco 
Lovin’ Mama Farm
Potter Valley vegetables
Potter Valley
Mendocino Grain Project
Ukiah grains
Fort Bragg
Mendocino Organics
Redwood Valley pork  Redwood Valley
Fort Bragg 
Owen Family Farm
Hopland lamb
Roseman Creek Ranch
Gualala vegetables
Round Valley Raised Meat CSA
Covelo eggs

Bay Area



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9th Annual Mendocino Film Festival


9th Annual Mendocino Film Festival

Plan on attending the 9th Annual Mendocino Film Festival, starting on May 29th through June 1st, 2014. The Mendocino Film Festival brings unique and quality films to the Mendocino Coast including 3 Oscar Winners. They include 20 Feet From Stardom, The Lady in Number 6 and La Grande Bellezza.

This year the Mendocino Film Festival is expanding its range to include events and screenings in Willits, Ukiah, Point Arena and Anderson Valley, in addition to the Mendocino Film Festival’s home base of Mendocino.

The Mendocino Film Festival was established in 2006. Mendocino offers such a quiet and beautiful environment, that attending filmmakers can focus less on hype and more on craft and creative kinship. Mendocino is known for being artistic and a politically active community, so local audiences are informed, engaged and supportive.


Make a commitment as a Film Festival Society Member, and you will become a festival insider, with early notification of festival news, the opportunity to purchase tickets in advance of the general public, invitations for special events, including the exclusive members-only opening party, and more! Click this link to become a member.  


  • Mendocino Wine Tasting Event: (Coincides wit the screening of Red Obsession) Saturday, May 31 from 5:00 – 7:00 pm. Tickets $20. Held at Oddfellows Hall, Mendocino. There will be 3 Philo Wineries, Drew Family Cellars, Knez Winery and Balo Vineyards will pour special selections of their pinot noirs.
  • Philo Closing Reception: Wine and hors d’oeuvres, Sunday, June 1 from 6:00 – 8:00 pm. Tickets $25 at The Madrones in Philo. Mingle with filmmakers and winemakers after the screening of American Wine Story. Small bites. Wines poured by Drew Wines, Toulouse Vineyards, Scharffenberger Cellars, Bink Wines, Knez Winery and Signal Ridge Vineyards.
  • Willits Premiere Reception: (Coincides with the screening of 20 Feet From Stardom). Thursday, May 29 from 6:00 – 7:30 pm. Tickets $10 held at the Willits Center for the Arts. Making the commencement of our Willits Festivities, this reception features fine wines, artisan beer, and an array of delectable appetizers, and is hosted by Adam’s Restaurant and the North Coast Brewing Company. OFFICIAL MEMBER EVENT
  • Point Arena Reception: Sunday, June 1 from 5:00 – 6:00 pm. Tickets $10 held at the art deco Arena Theater. Between films, celebrate their Point Arena program with rustic hors d’oeuvres, bread and cheese from local eateries and markets, as well as wine and beer. OFFICIAL MEMBER EVENT
  • A Night in the Spotlight for our Members: Thursday, May 29 starting at 7:00 pm., at the Festival Tent. Featuring gourmet concessions and Scharffenberger sparkling wine, Thursday night’s exclusive Members Screening of the popular shorts program continues the Mendocino Film Festival tradition of offering a sneak preview of the program to our VIP GUESTS. OFFICIAL MEMBER EVENT
  • The Breakfast Club: Friday, May 30 – June 1 at 9:00 am at the Oddfellows Hall in the Mendocino village for coffee and pastries. OFFICIAL MEMBER EVENT
  • Special Guest, Claudia Lennear with 20 Feet From Stardom, Thursday, May 29 starting at 7:30 pm., at the Noyo Theater in Willits. $11 advance or $12 at the door. Claudia Lennear, featured in the Oscar winning film 20 Feet From Stardom. Ms. Lennear holds a stellar history singing back-up wit Ike and Tina Turner, George Harrison, Joe Cocker, Rita Coolidge, The Rolling Stones, Leon Russell and more, plus her own solo album. She will attend for a Q & A with the audience immediately following the screening. Appearances at both Willits and the Festival Tent.
  • Beatles Night: Beatles sing-along with Good Ol Freda. Saturday, May 31 starting at 8:00 pm., $11 advance or $12 at the door. Celebrating the 50th anniversary of the Beatles American debut! Join them for a Beatles sing-along event immediately following the screening of Good Ol Freda, about the young woman who became the Beatles assistant, confidante, and fan club president beginning in 1961. The sing-along will be led by Steven Bates and his band. Come sing your favorite Beatles songs wit friends and family!
  • Circus Performance: with the movie Grazing The Sky, Saturday, May 31 at 12:30 pm., at the Festival Tent in Mendocino. $11 advance and $12 at the door. Also Saturday, May 31 at 8:00 pm., at the Noyo Theater in Willits. $11 advance and $12 at the door. Following the film Grazing The Sky, you are invited to a live performance including world renowned youth aerial artists from Circus Mecca, the Mendocino Center for Circus Arts, at the Festival Tent in Mendocino.
  • Community Drumming with Barbara Borden: of Keeper of The Beat. Sunday, June 1 at 6:00 pm., at the Festival Tent in Mendocino. $11 advance and $12 at the door. Following the screening of Keeper of  The Beat, Join them for an improvisational Community Drumming Experience led by Barbara Borden, subject of the film, and local drummer. All attendees are encouraged to Bring your own drum.
  • Welcoming Festivities: Friday, May 30 from 3:00 – 9:00 pm., Participating Philo Collective Tasting Rooms. Chat with filmmakers and winemakers as you sample the spectacular variety and quality of the collective’s wineries and enjoy small bites and music.
  • Winemakers Lunch:  Saturday, May 31 starting at 12:00 pm. $50. Join Goldeneye winemaker Michael Fay and the Film Maker of Red Obsession for a vineyard lunch and creative discussion of film and wine.
  • Winemakers’ Dinner: Saturday, May 31 at 6:30 pm., with Goldeneye Winery. $90. Chef Patrick Meany of Stone and Embers will be pairing his culinary talents with Bink Winemaker Deb Schatzlien, Domaine Anderson winemaker Jerry Murray. Baxter winemaker Phil Baxter and the Film Makers of American Wine Story.
  • Closing Reception: Sunday, June 1 from 6:00 – 8:00 pm., at The Madrones. Mingle with filmmakers and winemakers at The Madrones after the screening of American Wine Story. Small bites. Wines poured by Drew Wines, Toulouse Vineyards, Scharffenberger Cellars, Bink Wines, Knez Winery and Signal Ridge Vineyards.
An Evening of Haute Cuisine: Mendocino Film Festival Members and Filmaker Guests only. Friday, May 30 from 5:00 – 7:00 pm., Crown Hall, Mendocino. Join them at this exclusive MEMBERS ONLY event, featuring culinary creations from 8 local chefs. Using farm fresh ingredients to craft delectable hors d’oeuvres ranging from hearty country fare to elaborate canape’s, these chefs will demonstrate their skills at their showcase. Come mingle with their talented filmmakers and industry guests as you sample haute cuisine from these 8 renowned chefs and enjoy martinis made with Blue Angel Vodka, the wares of 8 local wineries, beer from the North Coast Brewing Company and chocolate from Wicked Bonbon.
Each year, The Mendocino Film Festival invites you, our discerning audience, to determine the Audience Choice Award recipient. The Award will be given to the highest rated feature-length documentary or narrative film. Be sure to fill out the special ballots distributed each screening. The winner will be announced on Mendocino Film Festival website on June 2.
  • Matheson Performing Arts Center, Mendocino
  • Festival Tent, Mendocino
  • Crown Hall, Mendocino
  • Coast Cinemas, Fort Bragg
  • Balo Vineyards, Philo
  • Arena Theater, Point Arena
  1. 20 Feet From Stardom: with special guest Claudia Lenner. Documentary film. Showing: Various times and venues.
  2. A. K. A. Doc Pomus: Documentary film. Showing: Various times and venues.
  3. Among Giants (screening with Watershed): Documentary film. Showing: Sunday, June 1 @ 3:oo pm. Venue: Matheson Performing Arts Center, Mendocino.
  4. A Royal Affair: Documentary film. Showing: Saturday, May 31 @ 8:00 pm. Venue: Matheson Performing Arts Center, Mendocino.
  5. Alice Walker: Beauty In Truth. Documentary film. Showing: Saturday, May 31 @ 3:00 pm. Venue: Festival Tent, Mendocino.
  6. American Wine Story: Wine country premiere. Documentary film. Showing: Sunday, June 1 @ 4:30 pm. Venue: Balo Vineyards, Philo.
  7. Big Joy: Documentary film. Showing: Saturday, May 31 @ 5:30 pm. Venue: Crown Hall, Mendocino. 
  8. Botso: Documentary film. Showing: Friday, May 30 @ 5:30 pm. Venue: Festival Tent.
  9. Casting By: Documentary film: Showing: Various times and venues.
  10. Children’s Programs: Riddle In A Bottle, and Shark Riddle. Showing: Saturday, May 31 @ 10:00 am. Venue: Coast Cinemas, Fort Bragg.
  11. Frank vs. God: Narrative film. Showing: Sunday, June 1 @ 10:00 am. Venue: Crown Hall, Mendocino.
  12. Furever: Documentary film. Showing: Sunday, June 1 @ 10:00 am. Venue: Crown Hall, Mendocino.
  13. The Galapagos Affair: Satan Came To Eden. Narrative film. Showing: Sunday, June 1 @ 12:30 pm. Venue: Festival Tent, Mendocino.
  14. Gasland Part 2: Film For Our Future: Showing: Saturday, May 31 @ 10:00 am. Venue: Matheson Performing Arts Center, Mendocino.
  15. Ghost Town To Havana: Documentary Film. Showing: Sunday, June 1 @ 10:00 am. Venue: Matheson Performing Arts Center, Mendocino.
  16. Good Ol’ Freeda: Documentary Film. Showing: Saturday, May 31 @ 8:00 pm. Venue: Festival Tent, Mendocino.
  17. Grazing The Sky: Documentary film. Showing: Various times and venues.
  18. Haute Cuisine: Narrative film. Showing: Sunday, June 1 @ 3:00 pm. Venue: Crown Hall, Mendocino.
  19. Inequality For All: Documentary film. Showing: Saturday, May 31 @ 5:30 pm. Venue: Festival Tent, Mendocino.
  20. Innocente: Documentary short: Showing: Saturday, May 31 @ 12:30 pm. Venue: Matheson Performing Arts Center, Mendocino.
  21. Keeper Of The Beat: A Woman’s Journey Into The Heart Of Drumming. Documentary film. Showing: Sunday, June 1 @ 5:30 pm. Venue: Festival Tent, Mendocino.
  22. The Lady In Number 6: Music Saved My Life. Documentary Film. Showing: Saturday, May 31 @ 12:30 pm. Venue: Matheson Performing Arts Center, Mendocino.
  23. Lemon: Documentary Film. Showing: Friday, May 30 @ 5:30 pm. Venue: Matheson Performing Arts Center.
  24. NYOSHA: Documentary film. Showing: Saturday, May 31 @ 12:30 pm. Venue: Matheson Performing Arts Center.
  25. Red Obsession: Documentary film. Showing: various times and venues.
  26. Short Films Program: It’s All About ChangeShort films. Showing: various times and venues.
  27. Sound City: Documentary film. Showing: Sunday, June 1 @ 5:30 pm. Venue: Crown Hall, Mendocino.
  28. States Of Grace: Documentary film. Showing: Sunday, June 1 @ 12:30 pm. Venue: Matheson Performing Arts Center. 
  29. The Great Beauty: Narrative film. Showing: Various times and venues.
  30. Symphony Of The Soil: Documentary film. Showing: Various times and venues.
  31. The Starfish Throwers: Documentary film. Showing: Saturday, May 31 @ 3:00 pm. Venue: Crown Hall, Mendocino.
  32. Toxic Hot Seat: Documentary film. Showing: Saturday, May 31 @ 12:30 pm. Venue: Crown Hall, Mendocino.
  33. Tricky Bidness: Documentary film. Showing: Sunday, June 1 @ 3:00 pm. Venue: Festival Tent, Mendocino.
  34. Walking The Camino: Six Ways To Santiago. Documentary film. Showing: Friday, May 30 @ 3:00 pm. Venue: Festival Tent, Mendocino.
  35. Watershed: Documentary film. Showing: Sunday, June 1 @ 3:00 pm. Venue: Matheson Performing Arts Center, Mendocino. 

For buying tickets, click here.


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The Story of the Rare California Charbono Grape


Charbono/Douce noir/Bonarda or Corbeau

Charbono is an obscure red grape, sometimes considered to be of Italian origin but more recently considered French, has been grown in California for over 100 years. The Charbono grape of California is a cousin to the French Corbeau variety of the Savoie region. If you enjoy a red wine with good fruit and a rich mellow tannin profile, often described as having a blueberry and plum aroma with flavor notes that can develop into leather and tar notes as the wine ages and that offers a smooth mouthfeel with no astringent tannins, then this wine is for you. Charbono grapes make a silky, deep purple, moderately acidic, medium-bodied wine, which hits its peak after aging for 10 to 20 years. Current plantings of the Charbono grape is less than 100 acres in California.

Charbono is also known as Douce noir, Bonarda and Corbeau.The name Douce noir itself means “sweet black” in French which is similar to the Italian name of the Piedmont grape Dolcetto nero (“small sweet black”) which further lead to speculation that Douce noir had Piedmontese origins. This hypothesis, as well as any relation with Delcetto, would later be dispelled by DNA analysis in the 21st century and today ampelographers (experts in the field of botany concerned with the identification and classsification of grapevines) believe that the grape likely originated in the Savoie region of eastern France. The Douce noir was also widely planted in the communes of Arbin and Montmelian and by the end of the 19th century it was the most widely planted red grape in Savoie.

While plantings of Douce noir dwindled in France, DNA research of grape varieties in other wine growing regions revealed that the grape was more widely planted than originally thought. In 2000 DNA analysis revealed that the Turca grape growing in the Veneto wine region of northeast Italy since at least the early 20th century was actually Douce noir. This came after the discovery the Charbono wine grape of California, introduced to the Napa Valley as Barbera by Italian immigrants in the early 19th century, was also Douce noir/Corbeau. By this time Charbono was already speculated to be the Bonarda grape of Argentina which for years was mistakenly thought to be the Italian wine grape Bonarda Piedmontese. Further research confirmed by 2008 that the Bonarda/Charbeau grape that was the second most widely planted red grape variety in Argentina, after Malbec, was actually the Savoie wine grape Douce noir.

photo: Man holding two bunches of grapes

Harold Olmo was renowned for his science behind grape varietals. (UC Davis archival photo)

Harold Olmo from the University of California, Davis was one of the first to realize that Inglenook’s plantings of Barbera were not the Italian wine grape but rather a completely different variety, Charbono. Later discoveries would show that California’s Charbono was actually the French wine grape Douce noir.

So where can you buy this amazing wine:

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“The atmosphere was relaxed and quite comfortable”


I just returned from a relaxing two day groupon stay at Stevenswood.  The atmosphere was relaxed and quite comfortable.  I had a lovely room with a view.  The hotel employees were very nice and informative.  My room was clean and devoid of broken furniture or mold in the bathrooms as stated in other reviews.  I loved my stay which was my fourth year in a row staying there.  After reading other reviews, I wonder if we were at the same hotel.  As far as the groupon experience, I looked at the calendar, saw the available dates and booked.  I have done this with other hotels and basically the rules are the same for most of them.  I did not use my camera to photograph the room or different parts of the furniture or the top of closets as others have.  Instead, I walked a lovely path across the street to the ocean;  I had a delightful lunch in Mendocino; i visited the botanical gardens in Fort Bragg, and traveled along all of the ocean access roads I could find.  At the hotel the following morning, I had a continental breakfast and watched the jays, wood peckers and doves in the garden as I listened to the most lovely music.  I did take pictures of the birds, trees, and shrubs surrounding the area.    I had no burn holes in my blankets, perhaps I should have taken time to inspect…  I hope to visit them next year and would encourage one to buy the groupon and see for themselves.  I love Mendocino and the surrounding areas.  Such a lovely area of California to visit and to relax.

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“Our recent stay at Stevevenswood was a delight”


Our recent stay at Stevevenswood was a delight. Our suite was beautiful as were the grounds and inn itself. We can’t say enough about the staff. A delightful group of people. Go-you won’t regret it at all. We,ll be back! Kate V

  • kate v.
  • Castro Valley, CA, 4/23/2014

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A Taste of Chocolate, Wine & Ale

A Taste of Chocolate, Wine and Ale

A Taste of Chocolate, Wine & Ale

A Taste of Chocolate, Wine & Ale will be held on Saturday, May 24 from 1:00 – 4:00 pm., and is presented by The Mendocino Art Center on Memorial weekend in beautiful Mendocino. Enjoy an afternoon of exceptional food, wine and ale samples from some of Mendocino county’s finest wineries, breweries and food purveyors. This year there will be live music by the Mendonesian Jazz Quartet. In addition there will be a silent auction where you can bid on Mendocino County food and wine products to take home. All proceeds benefit the Mendocino Art Center.

This years participating wine, beer and food purveyors are:

Chocolate and Food Tastings

  • Essence by Chocolate
  • Frankies Pizza and Ice Cream
  • Mendo Jams
  • Thanksgiving Coffee Company
  • Whispering Pines Pure Spring Water

Wine and Ale Tastings

  • Anderson Valley Brewing Company
  • Brutocao
  • Cesar Toxqui Cellars
  • Frey Vineyards – Premium Organic Wine
  • Handley Cellars
  • Judson Hale Winery
  • Laguintas Brewing
  • Lost Coast Brewery
  • McNab Ridge Wine Company
  • Mendocino Brewing Company
  • Sierra Nevada
Advance tickets $30. Day of event $40.
Purchase tickets online or call 707-937-5818 x 10
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17th Annual Anderson Valley Pinot Noir Festival


The Anderson Valley Pinot Noir Festival will be held from May 16 -18, 2014

Anderson Valley is a renowned producer of world class Pinot Noir and is also known to produce fine Alsatian Varietal wines. The characteristics of the Anderson Valley’s four most widely planted varietals are as follows. 

Pinot Noir is recognized as one of the outstanding red wine grapes, Pinot Noir is well adapted to Anderson Valley. For sparkling wine production, the characteristic small tight clusters are picked early at lower sugar levels. Left to mature further, the grapes are harvested to make what are known as some of the best Pinot Noirs from California. Made in a variety of styles, Anderson Valley Pinot Noirs exhibit fruit in the mouth as well as in the aroma.


Chardonnay fruit is perfectly adapted to the cool growing conditions in Anderson Valley. As with Pinot Noir, much of the Chardonnay is harvested at low sugar and directed towards sparkling wine production. The remainder is made into rich full-bodied table wines with a hint of ripe apples.

Gewurtztraminer also grows well in Anderson Valley because in this cool area, the acids remain at a level which allows the production of still wines with a nice balance. Because it ripens early, there are many years when the grapes are left to hang until they reach high sugar content. This fruit is used to produce sweet “late Harvest” desert wines. 

White Riesling produced from Anderson Valley display flowery aromas and exhibit a nice balance between freshness and fruit. An excellent varietal for Anderson Valley’s cool area, the White Riesling has consistently made outstanding table wines and excellent “late harvest” and cluster selected dessert wines. The resulting wines have a honey sweet richness buffered with the acidity naturally present in the grapes. 

The Pinot Noir Festival is the only festival in the world that celebrates a single varietal from a single appellation. This festival is a three day event including a Technical Conference & Social BBQ in the vineyards on Friday, May 16, with a Grand Tasting on Saturday, May 17, with 40 plus wineries participating. In addition there will be many winemaker dinners on Saturday evening and Open Houses at all area wineries on Sunday, May 18.

Pinot Noir Technical Conference: Friday, May 16, 9:00 – 4:15 pm.

Enjoy a full day of educational seminars about winegrowing and winemaking at the fariground’s Apple Hall. A light breakfast and full lunch is included. Interact with grape growers and winemakers, plus members of the media, while exploring the intricacies of Pinot Noir produced in Anderson Valley. Guest Master of Ceremonies Greg Walter, writer, taster, editor, publisher for PinotReport. Ticket $95. Click link for the full schedule.

Friday Night BBQ at Foursight Wines: Friday, May 16, 5:00 – 8:00 pm.

Join us for a casual BBQ at Foursight Wines in downtown Boonville. Enjoy an evening filled with great food and wine. Mingle with the winemakers, Pinot fans and guests. Taste Pinot Noirs from both near and far – plus sample a few surprises. Guests are encouraged to bring a bottle to share.

Dean Titus & the Cowboys will be performing their irresistibly toe tapping sounds with just a little bit of country added.

Texas style BBQ fare prepared by local grill master, Bone Daddy. Click link for the menu. Tickets $50.

Grand Tasting at the 17th Annual Anderson Valley Pinot Noir Festival: Saturday, May 17, 11:00 – 3:00 pm. Tickets $105.

Taste world-class Anderson Valley Pinot Noirs from more than 45 producers from around California and savor perfectly paired foods designed to compliment the exceptional Anderson Valley Pinot wines. The event will be held at the Goldeneye Winery 9200 Highway 128 Philo, California 95466.

Talk with the winemakers and listen to live music in the Grand Tasting tent set in the center of the beautiful vineyard at Goldeneye Winery in Philo.

Bid on fantastic auction items at the silent auction held to benefit the Anderson Valley Health Center.

Enjoy a delicious array of tasty small plates as we keep it local with stations that will include paella, artisan cheeses, hand thrown pizzas, local smoked meats, handcrafted pate’ and more.

Come join us as we celebrate Pinot Noir,  an amazing contradiction in wine – something so delicate and subtle, yet powerful and mesmerizing.  You will be captivated.

Participating wineries:

Angel Camp, Ardzrooni Famil Wines, Balo Vineyards, Baxter Winery, Bink, Black Kite Cellars, Breggo Cellars, Brutocao Cellars, Cakebread, Champ de Reves, Chaname, Copain, Donum Estate, Drew Family Wines, Elke Vineyards, Foursight Wines, Frati Horn, Fulcrum Wine, Goldeneye Winery, Greenwood Ridge Vineyards, Handley Cellars, Harmonique Wines, Husch Vineyards, Knez, La Crema, Lazy Creek Vineyards, LuLa Cellars, Maggy Hawk, Navarro Vineyards, Panthea, Phillips Hill Estates, Philo Ridge Vineyards, Roederer Estate, Saintsbury,Scharffenberger Cellars, Toulouse Vineyards, Twomey Cellars, Waits Mast, William Selyem, Wind Racer, Witching Stick, Zina Hyde Cunningham and more.

Winemaker Dinner at Handley Cellars: Saturday, May 17, $125. Click link for additional information.

Winemaker Dinner at Handley Cellars: Saturday, May 17, $120. Click link for additional information.

Gerald Reis and His Festival Art: Saturday, May 17. Click link to see the poster up for auction.

Visit Winery Open Houses Throughout The Valley:

On Sunday, May 18, from 11:00 till 5:00 pm., you will have the opportunity to sample barrels, taste select older vintages and enjoy many creative food and wine pairings, and the sounds of live music.

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Fifty Unique Distinctions About Mendocino County


County of Mendocino, California

Mendocino County was one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood. Due to an initially low population, it did not have a separate government until 1859 and was under the administration of Sonoma County prior to that.

Mendocino County has a total area of 3,878.14 square miles of which 3,508.97 square miles or 90.48% is land and 369.17 square miles or 9.52% is water.

Mendocino County is located on the north coast of California, about 160 miles north of San Francisco. As of the 2010 census, the population was 87,841. The county seat is Ukiah located inland on Highway 101.

In this publication I wanted to write about the many distinctions of Mendocino County that separates us from everything else.

  1. 10 American Viticultural Areas (AVA’s), with 2 more pending. Mendocino County is a leading grape growing region, and has many wineries that produce some of the best wines in the world. Their are currently a total of 300 grape growers in Mendocino County.  Mendocino is one of the leading wine growing regions for organically produced wine grapes. Today nearly 25% of all the vineyards in Mendocino County are certified organic by the California Certified Organic Farmers-the largest percentage of any county in the state of California. There are currently 96 wineries in Mendocino County. Grapes produced in Mendocino County are Barbera, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignane, Charbono, Chardonnay, Chenin blanc, Gewurztraminer, Grenache, Malbec, Merlot, Muscat Canelli, Petit Verdot, Petite Sirah, Pinot blanc, Pinot noir, Riesling, Roussane, Sangiovese, Sauvignon blanc, Semillon, Syrah, Tocai Friulano, Viognier and Zinfandel.  As of October 2012 there are about 206 AVA’s in the United States, which California having 147 of them. Only Napa has more AVA’s with 17 currently. To check out the AVA’s in Mendocino click on this link.
  2. Coro Mendocino is a collaborative effort by Mendocino winemakers to create a class of distinctive wines that showcase the rich heritage, the spectrum of terroir and the  unique characteristics of our diverse county. This is the first time in U. S. history that winemakers have collaborated to set blending and aging parameters for a wine distinctive to their region. Each winery creates its individual blend based on the Protocol and each wine is reviewed by a panel of winemakers in four blind tastings by a panel of winemakers in four blind tastings before the wine is accepted as Coro Mendocino. Each winery personalizes the Coro Mendocino label and bottles in a uniform bottle specially marked with the Coro trademarked logo. To read more about Coro Mendocino click this link.
  3. Worlds Largest Salmon BBQ is hosted every year in Fort Bragg at the South Harbor Mooring Basin at Noyo Harbor to benefit the Salmon Restoration Association. About 4,000 or more people show up every year for this incredible event. This year (2014) will be the 43rd Annual World’s Largest Salmon Barbeque, and is held each year on the first Saturday in July. 
  4. World Championship Abalone Cook-Off & Festival this year will be held on Saturday, October 11, 2014. This festival is held in the memory of Ken Tallman, and in honor of Sub-Surface Progression Dive Center and the Tallman Family. This festival is a benefit event to help Mendocino Area Parks Association (MAPA) and is the most important and biggest fundraiser of the year.
  5. Mendocino is the First County in the United States to be GMO Free. On March 6, 2004 residents of Mendocino county passed a measure that bans the planting of Genetically Engineered (GE) crops — also known as Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) — within their county. Mendocino county’s Measure H is being used as a model for at least seven other counties in California where local residents are well on their way to passing similar measures. Californians feel that local measures seeking to ban the cultivation of GE crops are critical steps to take in the promotion of economically and ecologically sustainable agriculture.
  6. Ecological Staircase on the Mendocino Coast are wave-cut terraces formed by glacier, sea and tectonic activity that built the coastal range. The ecological staircase at Jug Handle in Mendocino County is about 1/2 mile wide extending from the shore inland along the Jug Handle Creek about 3 miles inland. There is a series of five marine terraces that shows like nowhere else on the North American continent, long-term coastal landscape evolution. The lowest is the first terrace and is estimated to be approximately 100,000 years old. The five terraces stretch out about twenty miles of the Mendocino coast, and at Jug Handle Creek the terraces are about the same width and well preserved. Terraces, and the forces forming them are not unique to Jug Handle State Park and Jug Handle Creek, but in most California coastal locations, the terraces are eroded and not distinctive. But at the Jug Handle State Reserve are the evolutionary sequences so distinguishable, and so very well preserved.
  7. Mendocino Pygmy Forest  in Mendocino County, California, for example, is an oligotrophic community caused by podzolized (nutrient-poor, highly acidic) soils. The forest flora is dominated by dwarfed Bishop pine, Bolander pine (a variety of shore pine), and Mendocino cypress. The latter two species are endemics to the pygmy forest. Bishop pine occurs in both dwarfed and full size form, the latter being trees who’s roots have broken through the hardpan layer into the more fertile soil beneath. This forest is found in several discontinuous areas, with significant portions on the following public lands: Jug Handle State Natural Reserve, where it is the feature of the highest portion of the Ecological Staircase Trail. Also the Russian Gulch State Park, Jackson Demonstration State Forest and the Van Damme State Park pygmy forest, designated a National Natural Landmark. A self-guided nature trail built entirely on an elevated walkway forms a short loop through the site.
  8. Big River  of Mendocino Headlands State park consists of 7,334 acres (30 km2) of land along the banks of the Big River, south of Mendocino. Big River is protected and is the only major undeveloped navigable estuary remaining in Northern California. Unlike the undeveloped portions of other rivers Big River is accessible. Big River is a place of gentle tidal flows, mist-laden redwoods, and tucked-away marshes. It is home to an amazing array of wildlife, and it has a history as a resource and a respite for humans as well. The property’s unique natural resources include: 1,500 acres of wetlands, including brackish, freshwater, saltwater, and fresh emergent marshes, the 8.3 mile long estuary, and associated riparian habitats. 27 endangered, threatened, or species of concern. 60,000 acres of connected wildlife habitat between this and adjacent public land, and over 100 miles of joined trails. 50 miles of Big River and its tributaries, home to Dungeness and shore crab, freshwater mussels, ghost shrimp, river otter, beaver, harbor seals, and over 22 fish species including coho and steelhead salmon, bocaccio, starry flounder, Pacific halibut, Pacific herring, eulachon, buffalo and prickly sculpin, and 7 species of surfperch. Over 130 bird species recorded to date, including Osprey, Northern “Spotted Owl, Golden Eagle, Yellow Warbler, Purple Martin, Vaux’s Swift, Yellow-breasted Chat, and Olive-sided and Pacific-slope Flycatchers. Significant, untapped archeological resources throughout the property. High diversity of plant communities including Northern Coastal Salt Marsh, Coastal Brackish Marsh, mudflats, coastal and valley freshwater marsh, costal scrub, riparian forests, Coastal Redwood Forest, Bishop Pine Forest, Grand Fir Forest, Mendocino Pygmy Cypress Forest, Coastal Coniferous Forest, and mixed hardwood/conifer forest, as well as five aquatic plant associations. 27 sensitive plant species, identified on Big River property quadrangles, and which are likely to be positively identified in future surveys. At least 32 mammals including river otter, black bear, beaver, mountain lion, bobcat, mink, ring-tailed cat, long and short tailed weasel, little brown bat, gray fox, harbor seal, and the red tree vole. 60 acre Laguna Marsh, and unusual inland and extensive fresh-emergent wetland representing one of the most productive habitats on earth.
  9. The Mendocino Tree was declared the tallest tree in the world in 1996. The Mendocino Tree, a coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) found at Montgomery State Reserve. The Mendocino Tree stands at 112 meters (367 feet, 6 in), or five stories higher than the Statue of Liberty. It is estimated to be over 1000 years old. Located east of the town of Comptche is the beautiful Montgomery Woods State Reserve, in the heart of the Coast Range, has redwoods, where visitors can walk along one of the park’s many trails. It is an excellant example of both a magnificent coastal redwood grove and a beautiful fern forest. Montgomery Woods State Reserve is an 1,142 acre remnant of old-growth redwoods.
  10. The Mendocino Brewing Company was founded in 1983 as the Hopland Brewery in Hopland, California, and its brewery is now currently located 20 minutes north in Ukiah. The formation of the Mendocino Brewing Company in March 1983 marked the entry of one of the first competitors in the modern craft industry. When the brewpub opened in August 1983, it represented the first new brewpub in California and the second such business to open since the repeal of Probition in the United States.
  11. Boontling is a jargon spoken only in Boonville in Mendocino County in northern California. The Anderson Valley, of which Boonville is the largest town, was an isolated farming, ranching, and logging community during the late 19th century. There are several differing versions as to the origin of Boontling. Some assert that the jargon was created by the women, children, and young men in the hop fields and sheep shearing sheds as a means of recreation, and that it spread through the community as the children continued using it when they grew up. Myrtle R. Rawles explains that Boontling was started by the children of Boonville as a language game which enabled them to speak freely in front of elders without being understood. It is believed that the jargon originated from Ed (Squirrel) Clement and Lank McGimsey, in or about the year 1890. Based on interviews of family and neighbors, Rawles wrote an article, Boontling, or the strange Boonville language, which was published by the California Folklore Society in Western Folklore, volume 25, in 1966, and again by the Mendocino County Historical Society in 1967. Researcher Charles C. Adams studied the lingo in the 1960s and wrote a doctoral dissertation based on his research. In 1971 University of Texas Press published his book, Boontling: an American lingo, which included an extensive dictionary. Boontling briefly enjoyed a national audience in the mid-1970s when a Boontling speaker named Bobby (Chipmunk) Glover was a regular guest on the well-known The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson on the NBC television network. Boontling historian Jack (Wee Fuzz) June appeared on the game show To Tell the Truth and was so well known by this point in time that panelist Kitty Carlisle had to disqualify herself from the judging. Because Boontling is a spoken jargon, rather than a written one, spellings of words vary greatly. Most spellings were not formalized until the 1970s, primarily by the writings of Jack (Wee Fuzz) June.
  12. The Mendocino Whale Wars. Inspiration started in June, 1975, when a Greenpeace Foundation patrol boat located a Russian whaling fleet killing sperm whales off Cape Mendocino. They captured dramatic film footage of a canon-fired explosive harpoon flying over their heads and striking a whale. When the film was broadcast on national TV news, some Mendocino locals were inspired to get involved in stopping the whale slaughter off our shores. Byrd Baker, a local wood sculpture, was probably the one who came up with the name “Mendocino Whale War”. Byrd with other locals formed the Mendocino Whale War Association in December 1975, with Byrd as one of the founding trustees. Major coverage began early in 1976 with a big feature in the Detroit Free Press which hyped the idea of Mendocino, a small coastal town in California declaring war on Japan and the Soviet Union. This was especially important since this was the height of the Cold War. In 1977 “The Boy Who Talks to Whales” starring Byrd Baker, Victor Jory, Andy Gordon, and “Gigi” the whale, brought more attention to the whales. In 1986 the International Whaling Commission finally yielded to growing public pressure and diminishing numbers of whales and passed a moratorium on commercial whaling that continues today. In the summer of 2005, Ellen Findley Herdegen, a kindergarten teacher then and now, who was Secretary of the Mendocino Whale War Association turned over the group’s archives to the Kelley House historical museum in Mendocino. Ellen provided five ring binders of carefully organized media clippings, photos, flyers, meeting minutes and other documents. They are now on public exhibit. Click to read more about the Mendocino Whale Wars.
  13. City of Ten Thousand Buddhas two miles east of Ukiah, which is the county seat of Mendocino, in Talmage, is The City of Ten Thousand Buddhas. This is an international Buddhist community and monastery founded by Hsuan Hua, an important figure in western Buddhism. This is one of the first Chinese Zin Buddhist temples in the United States, and one of the largest Buddhist communities in the Western Hemisphere.
  14. Mendocino National Forest is the only one of California’s 18 national forests not crossed by a paved road or highway which makes this a very special attraction for people seeking an outdoor experience of tranquility and solitude. In northwestern California the Mendocino National Forest straddles the eastern spur of the Coastal Mountain Range. The Mendocino National Forest is about 65 miles long and 35 miles across, and the forest’s 913,306 federally owned acres of mountains and canyons offer a variety of recreational opportunities such as camping, hiking, backpacking, boating, fishing, hunting, native study, photography, and off-highway vehicle travel. Click link to read about more of the Mendocino National Forest.
  15. The Temple of Kwan Tai at Mendocino, California is dedicated to the Chinese god of war. A Taoist symbol of Integrity and loyalty, the Temple of Kwan Tai offers living evidence of Mendocino’s 19th century chinese community. This original Taoist Temple, a site now recognized as California Registered Historic Landmark # 927. In support of anecdotal dating of the Temple construction as 1852, a report by the California State Architect dates construction to the early 1850′s based on materials used in the structure. If accurate, this report establishes Temple of Kwan Tai as the oldest “original” Chinese Joss House in rural California. Except for the portrait and one lantern, interior furnishings are said to be original. Rare Historic Building: The Temple of Kwan Tai underwent a thorough Historic Building Assessment by Architect Laura Culberson of the San Fransisco architectural firm of Carey and Company. Miss Culberson concluded in her report with the following assessment of the significance of Temple of Kwan Tai: “The Mendocino Joss House is and invaluable resource to the State of California. It is the only surviving physical document (made more significant by its continued use from the early 1850′s), which retains its original integrity and marks the now mostly lost history of the Chinese in Mendocino. Mendocino was one of the few communities along the Pacific North coast that housed a substantial chinese community. Although Mendocino’s Chinatown burned in 1910, the knowledge of its existence and the cultural and historical relationship between the Joss House and the Chinese community are significant aspects of local and state history”. Click here to read more about The Temple of Kwan Tai.
  16. Mendocino Presbyterian Church is Landmark #714. The Presbyterian Church has already observed three centennials. The first in 1954, celebrating its 100th birthday of Protestant services in Mendocino Village. The second, in 1959, took note of the first 100 years as a Presbyterian congregation. At that time, the church was declared a California Historical Landmark. The church is also listed in the Federal Registry of Historic Places. The third centennial in 1967 marked the first 100 years of life of the building itself. Located at 431 South Main Street, Mendocino.
  17. Mendocino War. On April 22, 1850, the state legislature passed “An act for the Government and Protection of Indians” into law, providing indenture or apprenticeship of California Indians. This new law led to widespread kidnapping of Indian children. A new reservation was clearly essential. Not that other solutions hadn’t been tried; in his inaugural address to the legislature, California’s first governor called for a “war of extinction” against the Indians, and said their complete destruction was “the inevitable destiny of the race.” In that same year of 1850, California budgeted over a million dollars to reimburse Indian-hating whites who wanted to organize “private military forays.” In 1858, there were an estimated 10,000 Indians in the state. About 3,200 consented to live under the white man’s direction. The rest tried to continue their way of life. But the new white settlers built fences, and ran their cattle on areas where Indians hunted. When hunting was not possible, the Indians would kill some of the cattle for food. This brought great anger from the settlers and ranchers which would raid Indian villages, killing men, women and children. Any Indian even suspected of taking there cattle was killed. In 1860, the California Legislature created a Joint Special Committee on what was known as the Mendocino War to investigate incidents of Indian stealing and killing of the settler’s stock and alleged atrocities committed by the white settlers against the Indians. The Joint Special Committee traveled throughout Mendocino County taking depositions and testimony of prominent settlers in the region. These testimonies are part of the official public record. Records of the Mendocino War are part of the California State Archives, Sacramento. Here are only, but a few of the depositions taken: Click this link to read more about Mendocino War.
  18. Indian Rancheria’s (Reservations) of Mendocino County. California is second to Alaska with having the largest concentration of Indian Tribes in the United States. In the 58 counties in California there is approximately 105 Indian Rancheria’s, with Mendocino county having ten of them, which 6 of the Indian Rancheria’s operating their own gaming casinos. That is approximately 10% of the Indian Tribes lives in Mendocino County. To read about the Indian Reorganization Act of June 18, 1934 or The California Rancheria Termination Act of 1958 or the Tillie Hardwick vs. The United States of 1979, or the final settlement which was finalized on December 22, 1983, or to see which Rancheria’s or (Reservations) that live in Mendocino County CLICK HERE.
  19.  Landmark No. 615Fort Bragg. Established in June 11, 1857 by 1st Lieutenant Harotio Gate Gibson, 3rd Artillery, later Brig. General of the U. S. Army. Named by Gibson in honor of his former company commander, Braxton Bragg, later General of the Confederate Army. This is the naming of Fort Bragg, California. The landmark is located at 321 Main Street Fort Bragg at the Guest House Museum, which was built in 1982 is the redwood Victorian Mansion, which was the home of Charles Russell Johnson who founded the Union Lumber Company and served as Fort Bragg’s first mayor.
  20. Seabiscuit was an unassuming champion, who raised the hopes and spirits of a beleagured nation during the Great Depression with a series of unlikely victories. A small, dull brown horse, who ran perhaps his greatest race against just a single horse: the 1937 Triple Crown winner, War Admiral. The race was held on November 1, 1938, at Pimilco in Maryland. The race drew about 40,000 spectators and was broadcast on the radio to 40 million listeners across the country, including President Franklin D. Roosevelt. War Admiral, who was the favorite to win, ran his fastest time at the track, however, Seabiscuit won the race by four lengths and set a blazing track record in the process. Seabiscuit in his early days failed to win his first 10 races, and most times finished back in the field. After that, training him was almost an afterthought and the horse was sometimes the butt of stable jokes. The beginning of his success started in 1936/37. Seabiscuit won eleven of his fifteen races and was the leading money winner in the U.S. that year. Seabiscuit was “Horse of the year” for 1938. While being ridden in a race, Seabiscuit faltered. The jockey, Woolf, said that he thought the horse only stumbled and continued the race. The injury was not life threatening, although many predicted he would never race again. Over the fall and winter of 1939, Seabiscuit’s fitness seemed to improve by each day. By the end of 1939, Smith was ready to confound veterinary opinion by returning the horse to race training. On his comeback, by the third race, Seabiscuit was back to his winning ways. On April 10, Seabiscuit’s retirement from racing was officially anounced. When he was retired to the Ridgewood Ranch near Willits, in Mendocino County, California. Seabiscuit was horse racing’s all-time leading money winner. On June 23, 2007, a statue of Seabiscuit was unveiled at Seabiscuit’s home and final resting place, Ridgewood Ranch, Mendocino, California.  Seabiscuit became the subject of a 1949 film; The Story of Seabiscuit, a 2001 book, Seabiscuit: An American Legend, and a 2003 film, Seabiscuit, which was nominated for the Academy Award for best picture. In 2009 the United States Postal Service released the 44 cent stamped envelope in honor of Seabiscuit.
  21. The Albion River Bridge is a wooden deck truss bridge crossing the Albion River in Mendocino County, California. It is the only remaining wooden bridge on California State Route 1; dramatic views of the bridge are visible from the nearby town of Albion, California. In 1944, the present span was opened. It was built during World War II, and because concrete and steel were in short supply during the war, it was built of salvaged wood, treated with a copper azole preservative. It includes a steel center truss that was also salvaged, possibly from an older bridge in Oregon, supported by concrete towers. It is 970 feet (300 m) long and its deck is 26 feet (7.9 m) wide. As of 2000 it carries approximately 3200 vehicles per day.
  22. Mendocino named “Preserve America Community” The Mendocino County Board of Supervisors and the Mendocino Study Club were notified by First Lady Laura Bush that Mendocino has been named a Preserve America Community. Mrs. Bush is the honorary chair of the Preserve America Initiative which encourages and supports community efforts to preserve and enjoy America’s priceless cultural and natural heritage. Mrs. Bush’s letter said “Dear Citizens of Mendocino”. You honor our nation’s past and inspire and educate for the future. “The preservation and enjoyment of your historical and cultural resources is an important part of our nations’s heritage”. Mendocino is one of only 23 California towns awarded this designation, which provides communities national recognition for their preservation efforts.
  23. Mendocino is on the National Register of Historic Places. Mendocino is perched on the bluff overlooking the Pacific Ocean and Big River leading out to the Bay of Mendocino. The town of Mendocino is not only picturesque, but is one of the best examples of a vibrant historic landscape where people enjoy their everyday lives amidst the delightful and enduring legacy of the 19th century. Back in 1971 Mendocino was one of the earliest districts nominated in California, which helped preserve and acknowledge the importance of Mendocino, a place that was part of the development and economy of the Redwood coast following statehood. Mendocino is where Victorian buildings and watertowers with mom and pop businesses transport the visitor and residents alike to an earlier time when towns were walk-able and human in scale.
  24. Point Arena Light Station Landmark No. 1035 In 1989 the Point Arena Light Station was listed in the National Register of Historic Places for its statewide significance in the area of maritime history. The first buildings at the station were constructed in 1870 and were destroyed in 1906 during the San Francisco Earthquake. At that time the U. S. Lighthouse Service decided to use reinforced concrete in the light house replacement. Thus, when the Point Arena Lighthouse began operation in 1908, it became the first lighthouse of reinforced concreted in the State. Located at the Lighthouse Road, Point Arena.
  25. Point Arena Gateway to the California Coastal National Monument (CCNM) Our 1,100 miles of California coastline with more than 20,000 small islands, rocks, exposed reefs, and pinnacles between Mexico and Oregon is called the California Coastal National Monument. The scenic qualities and critical habitat of this public resource are protected as part of the National Landscape Conservation System, administered by the Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Department of the Interior. Gateway communities such as Point Arena located in Mendocino County, has partnered with the Bureau Land Management and with the help of the California Department of Fish and Game and California State Parks. It is perhaps the most viewed, but least known of America’s national monuments. Because the monument is offshore, few ever set foot upon it! Monument rocks provide habitat for seabirds, seals and sea lions and for unique plants. The Stornetta Public Land is located near Point Arena in Mendocino County, California and is a breathtaking coastal wonder. This beautiful 1,132 acres offer breathtaking scenic views with cypress trees that have been sculpted by the wind and meadows with wildflowers and shifting sand dunes, tide pools, sinkholes and blowholes, as well as two miles of the Garcia River and the Garcia estuary, a quarter mile of beach adjacent to Manchester State Park, and a five acre island called Sea Island Rocks, plus waterfalls that draw visitors to this area’s coastline, beaches and islands. The Stornetta Public Land is the first onshore property to be added to the California Coastal National Monument.
  26. The Solar Living Institute  is a nonprofit solar training and sustainability organization located in Hopland in Mendocino county, California.  It was founded in 1998, and they have been providing professional solar training and a wide array of sustainability courses for over 15 years. Their courses are taught by experienced practitioners who bring years of real world knowledge to the classroom. They focus on helping students prepare for job opportunities, start businesses, and live more sustainably. The Solar Living Center is a 12 acre renewable energy and sustainable living demonstration site that is visited by 200,000 people annually. The Solar Living Institute is also home to Solar 2000, one of Northern California’s largest grid tied solar arrays. The electrical system for the facility comprises 10 kilowatts of photovoltaic power and three kilowatts of wind generated power. Solar 2000 allows the Solar Living Institute to sell more than 160,000 Kwh of clean renewable energy back into the grid annually. Workshops and courses became part of the Solar Living Institute in 1998 when our organization was founded. Energy efficiency, solar photovoltaics, wind and hydro systems, passive solar designs, water development, gardening and composting were introduced in these early intensive lecture and hands-on workshops. Click here to learn more about The Solar Living Institute.
  27. Greenwood/Elk  ”The Town with Two Names”. The town of Greenwood got its name from early settlers, the Greenwood brothers. William, Britton, James and Biggs, who settled along the creek south of town around 1852. So how did the town get 2 names: In 1887 was when the Post Office was opened and the town made and official request for the post Office to be called Greenwood, which they discovered the name was already taken. Caleb Greenwood, the brothers father, had received approval for a Greenwood Post Office in El Dorado County. So the coastal Greenwood was forced to choose another name. A herd of Elk in the area provided the inspiration. However, the hard-working and stubborn settlers of the town refused to give up its original name. And so, Elk become “The Town with Two Names” the name of the town was Greenwood and the Post Office was Elk. Today a sign still hangs near the old Post Office door reading “Elk Post Office”‘ Greenwood California. To read all about the town of Two Names click here.
  28. Mendocino County’s Own Local Yokayo Biofuels. Kumar Plocher is the company founder and president. He is an idealist, an ecologist and is passionate about changing the world for the better. So in September 2001, he quit his job in a high tech company in order to persue this new occupation. While in Berkeley he learned about biodiesel and with many hours of study and research he decided to start a biodiesel company. Mendocino county, with its organic farming and environmental attitudes would prove to be the best place to sell this new alternative fuel. No one had tried to make a living distributing 100% biodiesel to end users. Kumar made a flyer with a survey on the back and distributed them around town. When he received enough positive responses, he decided to go for it. He enlisted an acquaintance, Andrew Daunis who had made some biodiesel on his own and he also had a commercial drivers license. They named the company Yokayo Biofuels, after the Pomo Indian work “yokayo”, which means “deep valley”, and is the basis for the modern name Ukiah. This is great reading so click the link for the rest of the story.
  29. Landmark No. 980 Ukiah Vichy Springs Resort. Frank Marble discovered these springs in 1848, and William Day established a resort here in the 1850′s. Ukiah Vichy Springs represents one of the oldest and one of the few continuously operating mineral springs in California. Its waters remain among the most important of the thermal, alkaline-carbonated waters once so highly valued by both European and American believers in hydropathy. Jack London, Mark Twain, Ulysses S. Grant, Teddy Roosevelt, Robert Louis Stevenson, and many other distinguished guests fell in love with this resort. It is the only mineral springs in California that resembles the famed Grand Grille Springs of Vichy, France. Located at 2701 Vichy Springs Road, Ukiah.
  30. Mendocino Community Network was one of the earliest companies to offer computer users to the World Wide Web. In the early 1990′s the Mendocino Unified School District (MUSD) had a technology program and wanted to gain internet access for its students. But there was no internet providers on the coast at the time and most people were paying long distance for dial-up. MUSD took advantage of a federal grant through NASA to get internet access around 1992. When the grant was ending, the MUSD began looking for a way to keep the internet connection going and decided that the community needed a local internet provider, hence the Mendocino Community Network was born from a student technology project. By spring of 1994, MCN was officially the local dial-up internet provider for the Mendocino Coast, from Westport to Jenner was able to get internet through MCN. It was in early 1993 when America On Line (AOL) released AOL 2.0 for the Apple Macintosh and AOL 1.0 for Microsoft Windows 3.X launched. So our own Mendocino Community Network (MCN) was at the very earliest stages for the Mendocino community to gain world wide web access.
  31. Glass Beach on the Mendocino coast is one of the most unique beaches in the world, not because nature created it that way, but because time and the pounding surf have beautified the mistake humankind had made. Beginning in 1949, the area around Glass Beach became a public dump known locally as “the dump”. It is hard to believe during these days, that people all dumped all kinds of refuse straight into the ocean, including old cars, and their hosehold garbage, which of course included lots of glass. By the early 60′s, some attempts were made to control what was dumped, and dumping toxic items was banned. Then finally in 1967, the North Coast Water Quality Board realized what a mistake it was and plans were begun for a new dump site away from the ocean. 30 years later, and now Mother Nature has reclaimed this beach. Years of pounding wave action have deposited tons of polished glass onto the beach. You can still occasionally see reminders of its earlier life, such as rusted metal, but for the most part what you will see is millions of pieces of glass sparkling in the sun. For many years, a steady stream of visitors collected glass to take home. Finally, before this unique sight was lost forever, the State Parks took it over, and removing glass is now prohibited. Also Glass Beach has a very interesting array of tide pools to explore. Crabs, mollusks, and many aquatic plants make their homes in these ever changing environments. There are no fees such as entrance fee or parking fee to visit this unique beach.
  32. Paul Bunyan Days. Over the years our Labor Day Weekends have been described as “old time small town fun” to “lumber-jack rowdy, but always a good time, with a nod to our logging heritage. History: When the Fort Bragg Chamber of Commerce decided to have the “Return of Paul Bunyan” in 1939, they started a tradition that has lasted through the years. As we know things were much different then. Life was simpler, and much more forgiving. Mayor Dixon proclaimed that a whiskerino contest would be held, and all the wives should put up with the whiskers until they were nice and soft. If men didn’t have a mustache or beard during the celebration, they would be thrown into jail (Kangaroo Kort). If enough people thought it was a good idea, you may get dunked in a water trough. A parade of 100 cars and trucks, painted up with Paul Bunyan slogans, made a trip to San Francisco, and were given a key to the city by the mayor in ceremonies at the Golden Gate Bridge. Our first Paul Bunyan was Charlie Buck, a 6’6″ logger, born at Little River in 1904. Charlie was always big reaching 6’4″ by the time he was 15, and at one time he weighed almost 300 pounds. In 1976 at age 72 he become the Grand Marshall in the Paul Bunyan Days Parade. For many years the townspeople really got into the spirit. They made buildings look old and everyone dressed in old clothes, with men growing there facial hair. Everyone built floats with parts of the celebration lasted over a month, but the actual celebration lasted four days. 
  33. The Skunk Train since 1885 the trains have been traversing the Redwood Route in some form or another. 2014 marks the 129th year of service. Built as a logging railroad in 1885 by Charles R. Johnson, the “Redwood Route™” was a logical vehicle for moving massive redwood logs to Mendocino coast sawmills from the rugged backcountry. The train played a vital role during this time in transporting families and workers who set up the various logging camps along the route and in doing so, became an entirely different type of line. It played an important part not only in the area’s industrial life, but also in its social and cultural activities. No other logging railroad in America has made the deep impression on American life that was created by the line from Fort Bragg – first by the natural beauty of its route and later, by the distinctiveness of its equipment. The nickname “Skunk” originated in 1925, when motorcars were introduced (today sometimes referred to as railbuses or railcruisers). These single unit, self-propelled motorcars had gasoline-powered engines for power and pot-bellied stoves burning crude oil to keep the passengers warm. The combination of the fumes created a very pungent odor, and the old timers living along the line said these motorcars were like skunks, “You could smell them before you could see them.”
  34. Blue Whale Skeleton. Back in October of 2009, a female blue whale that washed ashore south of the Mendocino Coast Botanical Gardens appeared to have died after it collided with a research vessel several miles off the Mendocino coast. The service got a call from the research vessel Pacific Star, saying they had struck a whale. It was estimated that the blue whale swam under the research vessel and hit its propeller. The whale carcass laid in an inlet adjacent to private property, part of a gated community south of the Mendocino Coast Botanical Gardens. From the cliffs you could see a gash located in the whale’s blubber layer. The female blue whale was about 72 feet long and weighed more than 50 tons. It was decided to move the whale to a secret location and bury her. June of 2013 with a team of 20 to 25 volunteers from Mendocino, Humboldt and Sonoma counties spent the better part of a week unearthing the remains of the 72 foot blue whale. The city of Fort Bragg, in collaboration with Sonoma State University, has already developed conceptual plans for the Noyo Center for Science and Education project. Plans include a variety of interpretive exhibits to increase public understanding and knowledge of marine and coastal resources, a marine research laboratory, support facility space, and temporary housing for marine researchers. Once the specimen is assembled and on display, it will be one of only six complete blue whale skeletons on exhibit in the United States. The bones which are now in storage will be cleaned and stored while funds are raised to build a marine science center. When the time comes to assemble the skeleton it is said that they would love to articulate the joints so the blue whale skeleton can undulate as if swimming in the ocean. Blue Whale Facts: Blue whales are the largest animals ever known to have lived on Earth. They can grow up to 100 feet long and weigh in at 200 tons. Their tongues alone can weigh as much as an elephant. Their hearts, as much as an automobile. During certain times of the year a single adult blue whale consumes about 4 tons of krill a day.
  35. Squaw Rock Landmark No. 549. This early landmark, also called Lover’s Leap, is associated with the legend of a 19th century Sanel Indian maiden. According to legend the young Indian maiden named Sotuka jumped from this rock while holding a great stone. She landed on her faithless lover, Chief Cachow and his new bride who were sleeping killing all three. Located on U S Highway 101, approximately 6 miles south of Hopland (mile marker 5.1) Mendocino County.
  36. Sierra Nevada World Music Festival. This 3 day event, held in Boonville, in the beautiful Anderson Valley here in Mendocino county. The music festival with 2 stages, along with a “Jamaican-Style” late night dance hall is very family friendly with an extensive amount of children’s activities, including arts & crafts, bounce houses, dance & music workshop, with a festival parade and camping. They also include an international festival village that has an attractive marketplace of food and crafts booths. The festival has hand picked vendors to provide a great selection of international cuisine and arts. The Festival Village will be offering foods, crafts and art from places as Indonesia, West Africa, Jamaica, Ethiopia and India. The Sierra Nevada World Music Festival is known for the positive, conscious, environmentally aware community. The Sierra Nevada World Music Festival is held annually during the summer solstice.
  37. Chandelier Drive-Thru Tree is located in the town of Leggett in Mendocino County, California. The Chandelier Drive-Thru Redwood Tree which stands 315 feet tall with a hole cut out that is 6 feet wide and 6 feet, 9 inches tall at the base of this redwood tree. The base of the this redwood tree measures 21 feet in diameter. The name “Chandelier Tree” comes from its unique limbs that resemble a chandelier. The limbs, which measures from 4 to 7 feet in diameter, begin 100 feet above the ground. The tree is believed to have been carved in the early 1930′s by Charlie Underwood. A vintage postcard of the Chandelier Tree was shown during the opening credits of National Lampoon’s Vacation.Ja
  38. Jackson Demonstration State Forest  is the largest demonstration forest operated by the State of California. The forest is entirely located within Mendocino County on land formerly owned by Caspar Lumber Company along Califonia State Highway 20 between Willits and the coastal city of Fort Bragg It is managed by the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection. Logging of the area began in 1862, and intense industrial logging has taken place for many decades. There have been several generations of harvests and replantings. The 48,652 acres (196.89 km2) that make up the forest were purchased in 1947 and the demonstration forest was created in 1949. Coast Redwood is the most common type of tree in the forest, but there is also Douglas Fir, grand fir, hemlock, bishop pine, tanoak, alder, madrone and bay mertle. The elevation of the land varies from 80 to 2,200 feet (670 m). Precipitation near the coast averages 39 inches (990 mm) per year, but the average is 70 inches (1,800 mm) per year inland. The temperature reaches a low of 25 °F (−4 °C) and a high of 100 °F (38 °C).
  39. Mendocino Coast Botanical Gardens is the only gardens in the continental United States with direct ocean frontage. Open all year, the mild maritime climate make the Mendocino Coast Botanical Gardens the gardens for all seasons. This beautiful 47 acre property offers perennial gardens, heritage rose gardens, Mae E. Lauer Display House, heaths and heather garden, camellias, succulents, Mediterranean garden, tender species rhododendrons, Fort Bragg rhododendrons, big leaf rhododendrons, meadow lawn, woodland garden, north forest, natural areas, native plant garden, dahlia garden, vegetable garden and orchard, and Parrish Family Homestead, coastal bluffs overlooking the Pacific ocean at the cliff house where you can watch the waves crash and watch the migrating whales or simply enjoy the sunsets. There is also a dense coastal pine forest, fern-covered creek canyons where Digger Creek runs through the property down the cliffs to the ocean below. Major events are held there like Art in the Gardens, Winesong!, Festival of Lights and the perfect setting for weddings.
  40. Mendocino County State Parks California lists a total of 118 state parks. Here in Mendocino you will find a total of 16 state parks. There are a total of 3 inland and 13 on the coastline. Here is a list of the state parks to visit when in Mendocino. Caspar Headlands State Reserve and State Beach, Greenwood State Beach, Hendy Woods State Park, Jug Handle State Reserve, MacKerricher State Park, Millard Redwoods State Reserve, Manchester State Park, Mendocino Headlands State Park, Mendocino Woodlands State Park, Montgomery Woods State Reserve, Navarro River Redwoods State Park and Beach, Point Cabrillo Lighthouse Station, Russian Gulch State Park, Schooner Gulch State Beach, Van Damme State Park, and Westport Union Landing State Beach.
  41. Living Light Culinary Institute is the premier organic raw vegan school in the world, which attracts people from all walks of life. The school welcomes everyone from novice to professional chefs! They’ve created a variety of practical yet fun and life-transforming programs to suit every student. The Living Light Center, is a beautiful 5,000 square foot state-of-the-art facility located within the historic Company Store, is designed to provide the latest advances in raw culinary education, and includes a first-rate professional kitchen with a sprouting/dehydration room, a fruit-ripening room, and a pantry. Their culinary studio is equipped with multiple cameras and closed-circuit television, and our lecture facility is outfitted with LCD projection equipment for multimedia presentations. Student teams have their own fully equipped stations for hands-on food preparation and recipe development. Their café, Living Light Café, offers organic raw vegan cuisine, juices, and smoothies, and our retail store, Living Light Marketplace, features healthy products for vibrant living.
  42. Galleries, Artists and Associations. In Mendocino County you will find one of the largest concentrations per capita in the United States of artists, galleries and associations. Dotted around Mendocino County in towns like Mendocino, Fort Bragg, Elk, Point Arena, Albion, Ukiah, Redwood Valley, Boonville, Willits and Gualala is a large amount of galleries representing the many artists in the county. There is the Mendocino Art Center (multiple galleries, Helen Schoeni Theatre where the Mendocino Theatre Company performs, open studios, on-site housing, artists in residence, art campus that teaches ceramics, fiber arts, fine jewelry and sculpture and the headquarters for assorted events) Art Center Ukiah (classes, workshops and public events) Willits Center for the Arts, Gualala Art Center (multi-million dollar cultural facility) Anderson Valley Artists Guild, Mendocino County Art Association (founded in 1954) Mendocino Eco Artists, Art Council in Mendocino County, Mendocino College Center for the Visual & Performing Arts (art, dance, theater, music, ceramics) and the Willits Center for the Arts. You will find special events like the Boonville Art Walk, Artists Open Studio Tour, Fine Arts Fair in Gualala, Art in the Redwoods Annual Festival, North Coast Artists Guild Studio Discovery Tour, First Friday in Fort Bragg, (monthly) Second Saturday in Mendocino (monthly) and First Friday Art Walk in Ukiah (monthly), Art in the Garden (Mendocino Coast Botanical Gardens).
  43. Noyo Harbor. The new concrete Noyo Bridge which carries Highway 1 across the mouth of the Noyo River at the entrance of Noyo Harbor was completed in 2005, replacing the old steel truss Noyo Bridge. Noyo Harbor is one of the west coast’s most scenic working harbors located at Fort Bragg, in Mendocino County, California. This working harbor offers many restaurants that overlook the Noyo River. You will find assorted charted boats to enjoy such things as whale watching, crabbing or fishing for salmon, rock cod, ling cod, blacks, china cod, blues and coppers. Enjoy watching working fisheries at work processing and unloading boats with their catch. The United States Coast Guard is stationed there and also you will find the mooring basin where you will find the commercial fishing fleet of fishing boats. This is where Hollywood has made many movies such as The Russians Are Coming, The Russians Are Coming, Humanoids from the Deep, Overboard with Kurt Russell and Goldie Hawn, and Dying Young with Julia Roberts. 
  44. Mendocino Music Festival. The Mendocino Music Festival was the dream of founding Artistic Director Allan Pollack in 1986. So Allan Pollack and pianist Susan Waterfall and bassoonist Walter Green initiated a series of meetings with other musicians and music lovers along the northern coast. Out of their commitment and effort, the Mendocino Music Festival was born. This year will mark the 28th Annual, two week music festival. The venues for the Mendocino Music Festival include the 16,000 square foot festival tent, plus Preston Hall, the Odd Fellows Hall, the Evergreen Methodist Church in Fort Bragg and the Caspar Community Center. The Mendocino Music Festival offers classical, chamber music ensembles, big band, jazz fest, boogie, blues, bluegrass, piano, world music, folk, dance and popular contemporary music. This year there will also be binefits such as Bachfest at the Berkeley City Club Members Lounge and also the Mendocino Music Festival will perform at San Francisco at the Exploratorium. 
  45. B. Bryan Wildlife Preserve is located in Point Arena in Mendocino County. This wildlife foundation has over 60 animals that are still relatively wild, and each species is in their own separate large field  that is similar to their native habitat. The B. Bryan Preserve has been actively committed to the breeding and preservation of African hoof stock for over a decade. animals range from critically endangered to endangered and include various species such as the Grevy’s Zebra which is the largest, wildest and most untamable of the zebra species remaining in Africa. Also the Greater Kuda which is considered to be the most handsome of the tragelaphine antelopes. Kuda are graceful leapers and are capable of leaping 9 feet with little effort. To read more click this link.
  46. Pacific Star Winery was established in 1987 and is located in Mendocino County, 12 miles north of Fort Bragg, located on Highway 1 and is perched on the edge of the dramatic pacific coastline and is the most western winery in the United States. Gray whales spout and breech a few hundred feet from the cellar door and where visitors are enchanted by the spectacular vista stretching 60 miles in every direction. This unique location lets magical forces come to play; waves crash into sea caves under the cellar, naturally filtering wine from its sediment. Salt from sea air deposits on barrels accelerating osmosis while creating viscous and dense wines.
  47. Wild Mushrooms of Mendocino. Of the 3,000 mushroom species found in Mendocino County about 500 are edible, 100 have the texture or presentation a chef can use and 20 are readily identifiable as most often used for cooking. Each year tens of tons of wild mushrooms are gathered here and shipped to fine restaurants and shops all over the world. The 2 most often exported from Mendocino County are Matsatake Mushroom (during Japanese New Years) and Horn of Plenty Blacks. About 80% of Mendocino county’s wild mushrooms come from national forest lands, such as those prominent in Mendocino County. Some of the many mushrooms you will find here are Candy Caps, Black Trumpets, Porcinis, Morels, Oyster Mushrooms, Portobello, Yellow Foots, Hedgehogs, Golden, White & Black Chantrelles. Mendocino County in an average year produces and sells 300,000 to 500,000 pounds of mushrooms. The highlight of mushroom season every year in Mendocino county is the Annual 10 Day Mushroom, Wine & Beer Festival. The festival includes mushroom dinners, wine and beer pairing workshops, mushroom exhibits, guided mushroom foraging walks where local experts will share their skills to show you this fascinating plant kingdom in the wild. 
  48. The Lost Coast  is the most remote coastal area in the state. It’s all about the very steep terrain and high rainfall made building major roads here too big of a challenge. This part of the coast is only accessible by a few back roads. It’s been lost to civilization, but not to outdoor enthusiasts. When traveling up Highway 1  just a few miles past the sleepy town of Westport, in Mendocino County, Highway 1 no longer hugs the immediate coastline, and starts going inland. In 1919, when Highway 1 was being built, the engineers tried desperately to keep the highway hugging the coastline, but eventually gave up and turned inland at the Lost Coast. The steep grades and undulations of building a road there was to insurmountable. Roads into the Lost Coast area are narrow, winding, and often steep. Some roads are only accessible to four wheel drive vehicles. Unpaved roads may be impossible during the winter rainy season. Shelter Cove is the most accessible area, with a paved road all the way. Click link to read more about the lost coast.
  49. Mendocino Marijuana (Pot) (Weed) (Reefer). Mendocino County is known for its picturesque northern California coastline, its majestic redwood forests, wine production, microbrews and liberal views about the use of cannabis and support for its legalization, and of course weed production in Mendocino County. According to Mendocino Major Crimes Task Force Commander Rich Russell, at least half of the total population of the county is working in the weed industry in some way. To be clear, he didn’t say “half of adults” he said half of the population. Growers, trimmers, breeders, sellers, middle-men and everyone else tangentially involved in making a living off of marijuana make up at least 50% of the county’s populace, according to Russell’s estimates. Experts in the region estimate that roughly one-third of the local economy. As of 2013 an estimated 14 billion dollars. Marijuana has been the largest cash crop in Mendocino county for over 25 years. The local Sheriffs office banked a cool $600,000 in 22 months by regulating the local growers in a plan that went seamlessly until the Feds busted it up. It has gotten to the point to where one local sheriff was quoted as saying that the only two businesses in Mendocino County are “government and weed”. Currently in Mendocino County you will find a total of 12 Cannabis Club or Cooperatives or Dispensaries. 1. Love In It Cooperative (Mendocino) 2. The Leonard Moore Cooperative (Mendocino) 3. Herban Legend (Fort Bragg) 4. Dragonfly Dispensary and Wellness Center (Fort Bragg) 5. Mendocino Coast Compassionate Care (Gualala) 6. Ukiah Cannabis Club (Ukiah) 7. Collective Conscious Apothecary (Hopland) 8. Compassionate Heart (Ukiah) 9. Redwood Herbal Collective (Laytonville) 10. MECCCA (Gualala) 11. Reflections of Avalon (Ukiah) 12. Northstone Organics Cooperative Inc. (Ukiah).
  50. Movies Made in Mendocino. Filmmakers have had a love affair with Mendocino County for more than 100 years,  beginning in 1904 with Caspar Lumber Company’s The Sequoia Sempervirens (Redwoods). What is the attraction? It’s our diversity. It’s the place where blue-green waters form tranquil bays, rivers and streams wander to the sea interrupted by an occasional waterfall, and rocky headlands hug the Pacific Ocean. This is whee you will find small towns and villages alongside ranches with pastures of fertile rolling hills and row upon row of wine-making grapes or delicious pears and apples. With giant majestic redwood forests, oak trees, pine trees, and an abundance of wildlife, and the many beaches and sand dunes, beautiful Victorian buildings, water towers, and harbors, and tall rugged cliffs on the beautiful Mendocino coast. Beginning with silent movies that portrayed the perils of logging life to a television series filmed here because “the Mendocino Coast looks so much like the New England coast”, to movies made in the village of Mendocino because it evokes the feeling of a bygone era. 
Major Movies and TV Movies Filmed in Mendocino County
  • Caspar Lumber Company: The Sequoia Sempervirens -1904 
  • The Promise -1916 (Harold Lockwood, Mary Allison) Metro Company 
  • King Spruce -1919 Mitchell Lewis Movie Company 
  • The Man Who Dared -1920 (William Russell, Eileen Percy) Fox Movie Troupe 
  • Kindred of the Dust -1921 (Miriam Cooper, Ralph Graves) R. A. Walsh Company
  • Strange Idols -1922 (Dustin Farnum, Doris Pawn) Fox Film Company 
  • Soul of the Beast-1922 (Madge Bellamy, Cullen Landis, NoahBeery, Sr.Thomas H. Ince Films 
  • Timberland Tales-1922 (Roy Stewart, Andree Tourneaur) Universal Films 
  • The Signal Tower-1923 (Virginia Valli, Rockliffe Fellowes, Wallace Berry) Universal Film Co 
  • The Search of a Hero -1925 (Richard Holt, Jane Thomas) Gerson Pictures 
  • The Uninvited - 1943 (Ray Milland, Ruth Hussey, Gail Russell) Paramount Pictures 
  • Frenchman’s Creek - 1943 (Joan Fontaine, Arturo de Cordova) Paramount Pictures
  • Johnny Belinda – 1947 (Jane Wyman, Charles Bickford, Agnes Moorehead, Lew Ayres) Warner Brothers 
  • East of Eden -1954 (James Dean, Julie Harris, Raymond Massey, Dick Davalos, Jo Van Fleet, Burl Eves) Warner Brothers
  • Island Of The Blue Dolphins – 1963 (Celia Kaye) Universal Pictures, Inc.
  • The Russians Are Coming – 1965 (Alan Arkin, Brian Keith, Jonathon Winters, Carl Reiner, Eve Marie Saint, Theodore Bikel, Ben Blue, Johnnie Whittaker) Mirisch
  • The Spirit is Willing – 1966 (Sid Caesar, Vera Miles) Paramount Pictures
  • The Dunwich Horror – 1969 (Sandra Dee, Ralph Bellamy, Dean Stockwell) American International Pictures
  • The Summer of 42 – 1970 (Jennifer O’Neil, Gary Grimes, Terry Houser, Oliver Conant) Warner Brothers
  • Glen and Randa – 1971 (Steven Curry, Shelley Plimpton, Woodrow Chamblis, Garry Goodrow) Warner Brothers
  • Young Goodman Brown – 1971  Pyramid Films
  • Slither – 1972 (James Caan, Sally Kellerman, Peter Boyle) MGM
  • The Runaway on the Rogue River – 1973 (Slim Pickens) 
  • Haunts – 1973 (May Britt, Cameron Mitchell, Aida Ray) A Herb Freed Film
  • Evil Town – 1973 (James Keach, Dean Jagger) Centaur Productions
  • The Boy Who Talks to Whales – 1977 (Byrd Baker, Victor Jory, Anddy Gordon and “Gigi” the whale) Casteel Productions
  • Same Time Next Year – 1978 (Alan Alda, Ellen Burstyn) Universal
  • Strangers – 1978 (Bette Davis, Gena Rowlands) CBS made-for-television movie 
  • Humanoids From The Deep – 1979 (Ann Turkell, Doug McClure, Vic Morrow) New World Production Company
  • Dead and Buried – 1980 (James Farention, Jack Albertson) Aspen Productions
  • Treasure: In Search of the Golden Horse – 1982 (Dory Deen) Intravision/Vestron Video
  • Cujo – 1982 (Dee Wallace, Danny Pintauro, Daniel Hugh-Kelly) Sun Classic Films
  • Racing With The Moon – 1983 (Sean Penn, Elizabeth McGovern, Nicholas Cage) Paramount
  • The Killing Time – 1986 (Kiefer Sutherland, Beau Bridges, Joe Don Baker, Camelia Kath, Wayne Rogers) New World Video
  • Overboard – 1987 (Kurt Russell, Goldie Hawn, roddy McDowell, Edward Herman, Katherine Helmond) MGM
  • Wired – 1988 (Michael Chiklis, Ray Sharkey, J. T. Walsh, Lucinda Jenny, Gary Groomes) Paramount
  • The Karate Kid: Part III – 1989 (Ralph Macchio, Pat Morita) Columbia Pictures
  • Dying Young – 1990 (Julia Roberts, Campbell Scott) Twentieth Century Fox
  • Forever Young – 1992 (Mel Gibson, Isabel Glasser, George Wendt, Elijah Wood, Jamie Lee Curtis) Warner Brothers
  • Pontiac Moon – 1993 (Ted Danson, Mary Steenburgen, Ryan Todd) Paramount Pictures
  • The Haunting of Seacliff Inn – 1994 (Ally Sheedy, William Moses) Television movie for USA Channel
  • The Fugitive – 2001 ( Tim Daly) Warner Brothers for CBA Television
  • The Majestic – 2001- (Jim Carrey, Hal Holbrook, Mrtin Landau, David Ogden Sstiers, Laurie Holden) Warner Brothers
  • Shark Swarm – 2008  (Darryl Hannah)
  Television Series and Pilots Filmed in Mendocino County
  • Is there a Doctor in the House? – 1970 (Rosemary Forsyth, William Windom) Screen Gems – Pilot for NBC
  • The FBI TV Series: Bitter Harbor – 1971 (Efrem Zimbalist Jr., Stephen Brooks, Lynn Loring) KABC
  • The New Healers – 1972 (Robert Foxworth, Kate Jackson, Burgess Meredith) Pilot Television Movie Paramount Television
  • Jeremiah of Jacob’s Neck – 1976 (Keenan Wynn, Ron Masak, Arlene Golonka) 30 – minute comedy pilot for CBS Television
  • Sutters Bay – 1983 (Granville Van Dusen, Linda Carlson) 30 – minute comedy pilot for CBS Television
  • Murder She Wrote – 1984 – 1989 (Angela Lansbury with guest performers) Universal for CBS Television
  • Dark Mansions – 1985 (Joan Fontaine, Michael York, Linda Purl, Melissa Sue Anderson, Lois Chiles) Aaron Spelling Productions – Pilot aired on ABC – TV
  • Destination America – 1986 (Rip Torn, Bruce Greenwood, Corinne Bohrer) Stephen Cannell Productions – Pilot for ABC Television (never aired)

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